What are Milestones and how do I use them?

This article identifies milestones in Verbum and teaches you how to use them to efficiently navigate your study in Verbum.

A “milestone” is a location in a resource, often a Bible passage. This differs from a “reference,” which is a mention of that passage (references in Verbum are automatically linked to the milestone).

For example, in a Basic search, searching for <Bible Rom 1:16> will find all citations of Romans 1:16 in your library. This means that anytime a resource mentions Romans 1:16, it will be added to your results. You may easily be overwhelmed with more results than you have time to examine, and some of your results will prove irrelevant to your study.


Using the milestone in this search limits the results to the actual text of Romans 1:16 in a Bible or where Romans 1:16 is the focal point of a commentary or resource. This means that you will limit your search to only those results that are about Romans 1:16 itself and not just a passing reference, “proof text,” or cross reference. So, if you can navigate to a location within a resource by typing “Romans 1:16,” that same location will surface when running a milestone search.


Using Milestones in Searches

To search for these occurrences, use the Milestone extension term. 

  1. At the top of the Verbum window, click the Search Search.svg icon.
  2. Select the Basic tab and type your desired milestone in the search bar using this syntax: {Milestone <Bible [Reference]>}.


For example: {Milestone <Bible Rom 1:16>}

Note: Additional search limits can be combined with the milestone search to further limit a search.


For example:

  • [search term] INTERSECTS {Milestone <Bible [Reference]>}
  • ashamed INTERSECTS {Milestone <Bible Rom 1:16>}

Note: A single resource may have multiple milestone indexes. For example, many print editions of Josephus have one or both of two competing reference schemes (Whiston and Loeb, named for their creators) and Verbum editions of the works of Josephus generally have milestone indexes for both schemes. This means you can search resources based on references identified by either scheme.

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